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What is Dyslexia?
The term dyslexia was first used over 100 years ago. Although many definitions have been suggested since then, Professor Berlin's 'difficulty with words' remains accurate. Dyslexic people often have above average intelligence, and are very capable of expressing themselves verbally, but have difficulty putting their thoughts and ideas down on paper. It is important to stress that dyslexia affects adults as well as children and the learning system used in Northwich Dyslexia Centre is very successful in helping both.
The cause of dyslexia has been the subject of much research, and its root cause is thought to have a neurological basis. Dyslexic people don't make automatic connections between the verbal word and the written word. The messages either from the visual sense or the audio sense - or both, don't make these connections. Some dyslexic people are dyseidietic, where it is mainly the visual connection that isn't made and some are dysphonetic where the auditory connection isn't made, and for many it is both. This is not a failing of eyesight or hearing, but in the connections made in the brain through those senses to the written word.
Because dyslexic people are often bright and articulate, this makes it all the more frustrating when they can't read well or get thoughts down on paper. Some children eventually give up and put their energies to use elsewhere. some silently put up with the condition and presume they are 'thick' and some rebel against it becoming disruptive. However a person handles it, no-one would choose to be struggling with reading and spelling difficulties on a daily basis.
Research has also shown that up to 1 in 10 of the population experience some form of reading difficulty, and this is often hereditary.